Herpes Simplex Virus
RECENTLY IN THE NEWS:
NBC News (3/5/2015) reports on its website that "family practioners, gynecologists and even dentists are getting into the cosmetic procedure business, and dermatologists say they're seeing the side effects." Several dermatologists "from around the country told NBC News that they've had to the fix the mistakes of physicians who are dabbling in their specialty." In a statement, the American Academy of Dermatology said, "A dermatologist is a licensed medical doctor and the only residency-trained physician fully educated in the science of cutaneous medicine, which includes medical and surgical conditions of the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes."
DRY SKIN CARE:
Keep your bathing to a minimum! Wash with lukewarm water and keep your bathing to less than 10 minutes. Wash with a soapless cleanser such as Dove and avoid harsh soaps such as Ivory or Irish Spring. After bathing, moisturize within a few minutes of patting dry with a towel. Moisturize with a sensitive-skin moisturizer without fragrance. If you have a skin condition such as eczema, you will need to moisturize a few times per day.
The day after your procedure, allow the cleanser and water to wash over the site. That is adequate cleaning of the wound. Thereafter, apply a generous layer of petroleum jelly (Vaseline) or another greasy substance such as Aquaphor healing ointment. If the area is in contact with clothing, we advise you to cover it with a dressing. Repeat the same procedure the next day and every day until the wound has healed.
HOW TO APPLY YOUR TOPICAL RETINOID (ACNE PATIENTS):
Topical retinoids include adapalene (Differin), tretinoin (Retin-A, Atralin, Ziana, Veltin, Tretin-X). Apply a pea-sized amount to your entire face a few minutes after washing your face at bedtime (since most retinoids are inactivated by sunlight). If your face is dry with the retinoid, apply a moisturizer prior to the application of the retinoid.
CARE FOR SKIN IN THE SUN:
Use a daily moisturizer with a sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher on the areas that will be exposed. If you're going to be directly out in the sun, wear an SPF of 30 or higher and make sure the sunscreen says that it is "broad spectrum." Remember to reapply after two hours and after swimming or any exercising. Physical sunscreens which contain titanium dioxide and/or zinc oxide are gentle and will not react with the skin. Seek shade between the hours of 10 am-4 pm.
Check your skin for any new, changing, non-healing or itching lesions four times a year or every major holiday. If you notice anything that is new or changing or not healing, please call and get it checked.
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A group of viral infections that cause sores on the mouth (oral herpes) or genitals (genital herpes).. There are two types of Herpes Simplex Virus:
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 is the most common form of herpes that affects most people at least once during childhood. It is passed from person-to-person through contact with saliva. It is responsible for the formation of cold sores (fever blisters) and canker sores around the mouth and lips. It may also cause an enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck. Generally, this type of herpes does not need any treatment however, oral medications to treat are available. It will disappear on its own in seven to ten days.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 is sexually transmitted either to the genital area or mouth. About one in five adults in the U.S. has this form of the herpes virus, although many people don't know they have it. The infection is characterized by sores that look like small pimples or blisters, which break open quickly and ooze fluid. This is followed by a period of crusting over and scabbing until the lesions finally heal, which can take up to four weeks. The infection spreads to areas of skin that come into contact with secretions from the blisters. The lesions most frequently appear on the vagina, vulva, penis, scrotum testicles, thighs or buttocks. They may be accompanied by a fever, swollen glands, headache or painful urination. Many people with genital herpes experience sensations of itching, tingling, burning or pain in areas where lesions will develop.
Genital herpes is diagnosed through a viral culture test of the blister fluid from a lesion and blood tests. There is no known cure. Treatment is designed to reduce pain and hasten healing and includes antiviral medications. For people with more severe, prolonged or frequent outbreaks, your dermatologist may prescribe a stronger antiviral drug.
On average, adults with genital herpes have about four or five outbreaks a year. The first outbreak is usually the most severe and more outbreaks occur the first year than any subsequent year. Generally, symptoms begin to appear about two weeks after transmission. The virus takes root in nerve cells, lying dormant until it re-emerges with another outbreak. Outbreaks are known to be triggered by stress, illness or excessive sunlight. It is important for people with genital herpes to avoid sexual contact during an active outbreak to reduce the risk of passing the infection on to a sex partner. However, herpes simplex virus type 2 can be transmitted a few days before the appearance of any lesions. That is why people with this infection are encouraged to practice safe sex and use condoms at all times.