Anatomy of the Skin
RECENTLY IN THE NEWS:
NBC News (3/5/2015) reports on its website that "family practioners, gynecologists and even dentists are getting into the cosmetic procedure business, and dermatologists say they're seeing the side effects." Several dermatologists "from around the country told NBC News that they've had to the fix the mistakes of physicians who are dabbling in their specialty." In a statement, the American Academy of Dermatology said, "A dermatologist is a licensed medical doctor and the only residency-trained physician fully educated in the science of cutaneous medicine, which includes medical and surgical conditions of the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes."
DRY SKIN CARE:
Keep your bathing to a minimum! Wash with lukewarm water and keep your bathing to less than 10 minutes. Wash with a soapless cleanser such as Dove and avoid harsh soaps such as Ivory or Irish Spring. After bathing, moisturize within a few minutes of patting dry with a towel. Moisturize with a sensitive-skin moisturizer without fragrance. If you have a skin condition such as eczema, you will need to moisturize a few times per day.
The day after your procedure, allow the cleanser and water to wash over the site. That is adequate cleaning of the wound. Thereafter, apply a generous layer of petroleum jelly (Vaseline) or another greasy substance such as Aquaphor healing ointment. If the area is in contact with clothing, we advise you to cover it with a dressing. Repeat the same procedure the next day and every day until the wound has healed.
HOW TO APPLY YOUR TOPICAL RETINOID (ACNE PATIENTS):
Topical retinoids include adapalene (Differin), tretinoin (Retin-A, Atralin, Ziana, Veltin, Tretin-X). Apply a pea-sized amount to your entire face a few minutes after washing your face at bedtime (since most retinoids are inactivated by sunlight). If your face is dry with the retinoid, apply a moisturizer prior to the application of the retinoid.
CARE FOR SKIN IN THE SUN:
Use a daily moisturizer with a sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher on the areas that will be exposed. If you're going to be directly out in the sun, wear an SPF of 30 or higher and make sure the sunscreen says that it is "broad spectrum." Remember to reapply after two hours and after swimming or any exercising. Physical sunscreens which contain titanium dioxide and/or zinc oxide are gentle and will not react with the skin. Seek shade between the hours of 10 am-4 pm.
Check your skin for any new, changing, non-healing or itching lesions four times a year or every major holiday. If you notice anything that is new or changing or not healing, please call and get it checked.
Our team of professionals and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well-being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you.
As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.
Skin. It is the largest organ on the human body. It creates a protective layer against heat, light, the environment, injury and infection. It helps regulate the body's temperature; stores water, fat and Vitamin D; prevents entry of bacteria; and acts as a sensory organ. On average, an adult has between 18 and 20-square feet of skin, which roughly weighs six pounds.
There are three layers to skin:
Epidermis. This is the outer most layer that sloughs off dead skin cells and acts as a protective barrier against foreign bodies, infections and the sun. The epidermis also contains the cells (melanocytes), which are responsible for skin pigmentation.
Dermis. The middle layer of skin, the dermis houses hair follicles, sebaceous (oil) glands, sweat glands, capillaries (small blood vessels) and lymph vessels. It is held together by a protein called collagen. Sweat glands are part of the body's cooling system. The dermis also contains touch and pain receptors.
Subcutaneous. This is the deepest layer of skin containing larger blood vessels and nerves. It is made up of a network of collagen and fat cells and plays an important role in the manufacture of Vitamin D, protecting against injury and conserving body heat.